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史料研究英国历史人物:查尔斯.狄更斯



英国历史人物:查尔斯.狄更斯

Comments on UN WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2018

查尔斯·狄更斯(Charles
Dickens)(1812年——1870年),19世纪英国最伟大的小说家之一,出生于海军小职员家庭,10岁时全家被迫迁入负债者监狱,11岁就承担起繁重的家务劳动。曾在黑皮鞋油作坊当童工,15岁时在律师事务所当学徒,后来当上了民事诉讼法庭的审案记录员,接着又担任报社派驻议会的记者。他只上过几年学,全靠刻苦自学和艰辛劳动成为知名作家。

Analyzing the top nations models to explain the existing social
environment interference on Chinese youth’s happiness. 

狄更斯是高产作家,他凭借勤奋和天赋创作出一大批经典著作。他又是一位幽默大师,常常用妙趣横生的语言在浪漫和现实中讲述人间真相,狄更斯是19世纪英国现实主义文学的主要代表。艺术上以妙趣横生的幽默、细致入微的心理分析,以及现实主义描写与浪漫主义气氛的有机结合著称。马克思把他和萨克雷等称誉为英国的“一位杰出的小说家”。

We live in an age of information explosion. And since there has been
rankings over the globe that compared one and another nations with
various standards like GDP, etc. ,why we still regard happiness as a
important element to measure whether livable or not?

Charles John Huffam Dickens was an English writer and social critic. He
created some of the world’s most memorable fictional characters and is
generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period.
During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the
twentieth century his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by
critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely
popular.

The world enjoys technologies of unimaginable sophistication; yet has at
least one billion people without enough to eat each day. The world
economy is propelled to soaring new heights of productivity through
ongoing technological and organizational advance; yet is relentlessly
destroying the natural environment in the process. Countries achieve
great progress in economic development as conventionally measured; yet
along the way succumb to new crises of obesity, smoking, diabetes,
depression, and other ills of modern life.

史料研究 ,Born in Portsmouth, England, Dickens left school to work in a factory
after his father was thrown into debtors’ prison. Although he had little
formal education, his early impoverishment drove him to succeed. Over
his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, 5
novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles,
lectured and performed extensively, was an indefatigable letter writer,
and campaigned vigorously for children’s rights, education, and other
social reforms.

Here I’d like to borrow some words from Charles Dickens. It was the best
of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was
the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of
incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness,
it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had
everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct
to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way–in short, the period
was so. far like the present period, that some of its noisiest
authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the
superlative degree of comparison only.

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Yet, we can still see from it, the one and only standard to measure how
people survived today is simple happiness.

查尔斯·狄更斯《双城记》经典开篇》>

We can see from these charts that nations from the top are with a
comprehensive welfare state and collective bargaining at the national
level with a high percentage of workers belonging to a labor union; and
state provision of free education and free healthcare as well as
generous, guaranteed pension payments for retirees funded by taxation.
In a word, these nations are all highly Left deviation which they called
“social democracy”. In a way of saying they overcharge the middle to
upper class by taxing and use that to give the rest of people welfare.

代表作品:

Supported by some big economic group as IKEA H&M , etc. , they sure have
power to achieve the best education all over the globe for free, life
standard, and highly completion of gender equality. We can assume these
can be the reason why they are happy.

早期:《匹克威克外传》、《奥列佛·特维斯特》、《尼古拉斯·尼克尔贝》、《老古玩店》等

And we can see the very two intimidate economical and political powerful
nations, US and CHN, has not achieved an ideal position on this ranking.
We may ask ourselves, why we aren’t happy?

国外旅行时期:《圣诞欢歌》、《钟声》、《炉边蟋蟀》等

In China we can see a mass contradiction between the urban and rural
area. Country kids are profoundly conservative while city kids are
authentic holding some very exclusive views on LGBT equality and gender
equality. You can see giant city like Beijing Shanghai have already
reached the standard of the classic international city like Paris and
Tokyo in economy and politic importance, while the rural area are still
blind. And as the government are making rules on the balance of that,
people have different political view would probably feel the dark night
of their soul.

后期:《董贝父子》、《大卫·科波菲尔》、《荒凉山庄》、《艰难时世》、《小杜丽》、《双城记》、《远大前程》等

As far as I can see, this generation all have a giant growing tumor of
anxiety. Even from the basic education, we hold on the pressure to get
good score, and it will only increase along the way we grow to adults
and start to take our own responsibility for our family. The expensive
cost of marriage, the growing scaring housing price, the expensive
merely elite education, the expensive medicine cost ,etc. we need to
work so hard to survive it. But I think the fundamental reason is that
in China, we are almost not able of live with any pride if we can only
handle basic physical labor. So to bear the ever increasing housing
price and living costs, we have to fight through so called well paid
occupations instead of jobs we really longing for . And still we need to
overwork to earn our place in office, or get ready to face the threat of
being quit. The education evolution in Tianjin already show us the
curtly and overbid situation of education, so when this generation
decide to propagate, the education would also be a burden for family.

晚期:《我们共同的朋友》、《艾德温·德鲁德之谜》等

Some may start to judge our generation’s view of celibate and DINK
saying we are selfish. But as you can know, we are just what this age
brings. Respect other’s choices and try to understand may make us
happier.

狄更斯名言:

装备1602 宋雪淇 1602010225

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.

史料研究 1

这是最好的时代,也是最坏的时代。

It ws the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness.

这是智慧做主的年代,也是愚蠢当家的年代。

It was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity.

这是有所信仰的年头,也是凡事怀疑的年头。

It was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness.

这是光明照亮的季节,也是黑暗笼罩的季节。

It was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.

这是希望之春,绝望之冬。

We had everything before us, we had nothing before us.

人们面前有着各样事物,人们面前一无所有。

We were all going directly to Heaven, we were all going the other way.

人们正在直登天堂,人们正在直下地狱。

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